quarta-feira, março 25, 2009

Posto Meteorológico de Angra do Heroísmo

Foi criado em 1862, a instância do Dr. José Augusto Nogueira Sampaio e só começou a funcionar no 1.º de Outubro de 1864. Foi colocado primitivamente no Convento de São Francisco (antigo Liceu Nacional de Angra do Heroísmo, actual Museu) e compunha-se de dois andares, terminando por um terraço que lhe servia de tecto.Em 1881 foi mudado para a torre sineira da Igreja do Colégio, a 42 metros acima do nível do mar (ver na foto), para onde se subia pela sineira, por uma escada helicoidal a qual ia terminar numa pequena casa de madeira, de forma rectangular. Dentro desta casa estavam os seguintes instrumentos: Um barómetro de Adie, Um barómetro anedóide, Um barógrafo, Um termómetro de máxima, Um dito de mínima, Um psicrómetro e Um ozonómetro.
Do lado de fora da casa encontrava-se, num dos ângulos da torre, um pequeno mastro munido de cata-vento e por uma pequena escada de ferro se subia para o terraço que servia de tecto à casa de madeira, onde estavam os seguintes instrumentos:
Um anemómetro de Robinson ao centro.
Um udómetro num dos ângulos do gradeamento.
Por debaixo da escada e exposto ao ar, mas ao abrigo das chuvas, estava um evapórometro Piche que foi colocado em Dezembro de 1900, sendo até ali as observações feitas com um evapórometro ordinário. O posto meteorológico foi o 1º construído nos Açores e as suas observações foram sempre apreciadas no estrangeiro sobretudo nos observatórios meteorológicos de Paris, Londres e Utrcht (Apontamentos de Álvaro de Castro Meneses).
Já nos referimos, em 2008, ao Dia Mundial da Meteorologia aqui. Amanhã, pelas 20h30, terá lugar no Museu de Angra do Heroísmo, na Sala de Oportunidades, a inauguração de uma exposição rotulada “José Agostinho- Meteorologia”- Instrumentos Antigos do Observatório Meteorológico de Angra.
Conferencistas:Conceição Tavares(Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia).
Diamantino Henriques (Instituto de Meteorologia).
Eduardo Brito (Departamento de Ciências Agrárias de Angra do Heroísmo da Universidade dos Açores).
(In Bagos D'Uva)

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